The reproduction is a process which divides the growth of certain specie and hence that specie evolves with time throughout the surface of the earth. The reproductive system involves the use of two sexual organs i.e. penis and vagina. The penetration of vagina by a penis results in the formation of sperms. When a sperm mixes with an egg, an embryo is formed which attaches itself to the lining of the uterus. The fetus remains attached to the womb for nine months. Our social life is immensely influenced by the reproductive ability to produce more offspring. According to World Health Organization (WHO), the reproduction health is related to psychological (social well-being) as well as physical sexuality. According to UNFPA, the welfare of the family depends on the well-being of female reproductive system i.e. we should not exclude her rights globally and as a society member. We tend to forget that the health is not the mere exclusion of diseases but psychological well-being is vital too. The psychological well-being is only achieved if we look out for each other and not deprive women of their social rights.
The picture below shows the male reproductive organs:
Penis is the male sexual reproductive organ. The penis performs two functions alternatively i.e. the penis is a conduit like structure from inside; it separates the urine from the semen and ensures that the harmful particles are not mixed that might lead to severe genital diseases or infertility in some cases. The penis reaches it full height during the early days of puberty. The structure of the penis involves these parts:
Base: The base of the penis is found above the scrotum which contains testis. It is also referred as bulb of penis. The base is composed of numerous tissues and blood vessels i.e. corpora cavernosa and corpus spongiosum. The corpus spongiosum travels to the length of the penis till glans (head of the penis) round in shape on top.
Glans: It is found on the tip of the male sexual organ. The glans function is to discharge semen during sexual intercourse or urine from the penis through urethra which is a coiled like structure in the middle on top of glans. Among the uncircumcised children, there is a higher ratio of growing bacteria on the glans so it is advised to the parents to remove and clean the genital of children daily.
Scrotum: It is a thick sac like structure around the testes to protect them during climate change keep them warm. The scrotum is to protect the semen formation and maintain sperms temperature to ensure its motility and quality for a healthier offspring.
Testes: The testicles are oval in shape and make up the sexual organ of the male. There are two functions of the testes i.e. producing enough qualitative sperms and storing it till needed for ejaculation. It also involves the production of testosterone (male sexual hormone). The testosterone hormone is to keep the male sexual drive healthier and it also assists in the production of sperms.
Epididymis: Epididymis is a coiled tube like structure which is found in the scrotum and its function is to provide motility to the sperms to penetrate in the uterus of a woman and fertilize an egg. It also stores and matures the sperms for approximately one week.
Vas Deferens/ Deferent Duct: The vas deferens is joined with the epididymis and it carries the sperms from epididymis to the ejaculatory duct. Each duct is connected with the seminal vesicles and packed with blood vessels, nerves and the sperms secrete special enzymes travelling through prostate, seminal and bulbourethral glands.
Urethra: It is responsible in males for carrying out the urine from the urinary bladder and the semen out of the body through penis.
Prostate Gland: It surrounds the urethra and is responsible to make most fluid in the semen. During sexual intercourse when a man is aroused and draws to climax, the prostate pulls the semen out of the ejaculatory duct. Over the years, after mid-twenties the prostate can increase in size and might bring complications in urination.
Seminal Vesicles: These ducts make up and provide specific enzymes secretion to the semen fluid. It is found above the prostate and connected with the deferent duct.
The female reproductive organ is comprised of ovaries, fallopian tubes, urethra, vagina and external genital organs. The female reproductive organs make up the system to fertilize a woman with a sperm. After an egg fuses with a sperm the formation of an embryo takes pace and it attaches to the uterus lining.
The female external reproductive structure has labia minora and labia majora. The labia have different color, shape, sizes and even odor. If you experience any discomfort during sexual intercourse due to labia then you need to consult an infertility specialist.
Labia Majora: The vaginal lips appearance differs in shape, sizes and color. Labia majora is fleshy and encloses around labia minora to save it from the infections and bacteria. It is larger in size and covered with sweat and hair after puberty.
Labia Minora: Labia Minora is also referred as small lips, they are relatively smaller in size, and however, it varies in each woman. They are found on the vaginal surrounding covering the opening.
Bartholin's glands: They are found on either side of the labia and produces oily substance like (mucus) secretion to provide lubricant during sexual intercourse.
Clitoris: It is covered with skin and found above vagina. The clitoris plays a major role in a woman sexual intercourse. It has been reported that a woman psychological constraints her ability to feel pleasure. A woman’s ability might decreases due to weak psychological well-being.
Vagina: The vagina is a strong, empty tube that reaches out from the vaginal opening to the uterus. Since it has strong dividers it can grow and contract. This capacity to wind up more extensive or smaller enables the vagina to suit something as thin as a tampon and as wide as an infant. The vagina's solid dividers are fixed with mucous membranes, which keep it secured and moist. The vagina has a few capacities: for sex, as the pathway that an infant removes from a lady's body amid labor, and as the course for the menstrual blood to leave the body from the uterus.
Fallopian Tubes: There are two fallopian tubes, each connected to a side of the uterus. At the opposite end of each fallopian tube is a bordered zone that resembles a pipe. This bordered region folds over the ovary yet doesn't totally join it. At the point when an egg flies out of an ovary, it enters the fallopian tube. When the egg is in the fallopian tube, minor hairs in the cylinder's coating help push it down the limited path toward the uterus. The ovaries are additionally part of the endocrine framework since they create female sex hormones, for example, estrogen and progesterone.
Uterus: The uterus is molded like a pear, with a thick coating and solid divider. The uterus contains probably the most grounded muscles in the female body. These muscles can extend and contract to suit a developing embryo and after that assistance drives the infant out amid work. At the upper corners of the uterus, the fallopian tubes associate the uterus to the ovaries are two oval-molded organs that deceive the upper right and left of the uterus. They deliver, store, and discharge eggs into the fallopian tubes in the process called ovulation.