What is Infertility


What is Infertility?

What is infertility? Infertility is the inability to conceive a child even after having repetitive unsafe intercourse for almost a year. If the couple’s age is below 35 years old and is sexually active then the suspicion of infertility takes its ground. To ensure that either of the couple is not infertile and have healthy reproductive system, several tests are carried out e.g., semen analysis, hormone and genetic testing etc. Without any contraceptive measures it’s unlikely to not get pregnant for over a year after having intercourse. However, infertility can be cured by consulting an endocrinologist who will further guide and examine what’s causing the hurdle in conceiving. There are several medical treatments which help us to undermine and get to the core of infertility’s cause. Infertility can be hard on some of the patients and disturbance of hormones in the body may bring emotional breakdown.


The process involves the release of an egg from the ovaries during ovulation which then passes through the fallopian tube to the uterus. When a man’s sperm is released inside the vagina of a woman, it travels and combines with an egg to form Embryo. This is the process of fertilization which then proceeds forward when an embryo is attached to the thick lining of uterus. Failure in any of the step of the process can be a cause for infertility.


What is Infertility | Types of Infertility


Types of Infertility

The infertility falls under three categories. 

  • Primary Infertility
  • Secondary Infertility
  • Unexplained Infertility


Primary Infertility

Primary infertility occurs when the couple is having intercourse for almost a year without luck and also when there is no history of any previous pregnancy. The women never have had a positive result or miscarriages. The failure can be due to incompletion of the above mentioned infertility process. Another underlying reason can be low sperm count, anatomical or biological diseases, fallopian tube scarring, scarring from sexually transmitted infections (STIs), injury, or surgery erectile dysfunction or even impotence.


Secondary Infertility

Secondary infertility occurs when the couple is striving for pregnancy following the birth of one or more children without any assisted reproductive measures and remains unsuccessful in their attempts. This also involves those who experience terminated pregnancy issues such as Miscarriages which can also be due to embryo attachment outside of uterus to other body parts.


There can be several reasons behind secondary infertility. Some complications in the Reproductive System of both males and females can also be a cause of decrease in ovarian reserve, fallopian tube abnormality, pelvic disorder, uterine abnormalities among the females. Whereas in men, decrease in sperm quality, quality and weight gain, erectile dysfunction and ovulatory dysfunction cause infertility. The sex drive and maintaining an erection becomes a rising tension among the couples which needs to be dealt with the assistance of a Fertility Expert or a counselor.


Unexplained Infertility

Unexplained infertility reasons are not known. It is not that there is no underlying cause behind unexplained infertility but the detection process is so complicated that it is unable to diagnose the root of the issue.

Unexplained infertility can occur when the following tests’ results are positive and no cause is detected e.g.


  • Uterus is examined healthy.
  • No blockage in the fallopian tube.
  • The sperm count result confirms good quality.
  • Anti-Mullerian range is normal.
  • Woman is ovulating.
  • Hormones are balanced.
  • The couple is having Sexual Intercourse when the female is ovulating and all other body masses, weight, age index are normal.


The causes of unexplained infertility can also be some genetic abnormalities in the sperm. In such abnormalities, DNA is defected which leads to failure of the fertilization process. DNA fragmentation test is carried out to screen this abnormality. The females experience unexplained infertility due to gene mutation which results in low quantity of eggs detected by the specialist. Another reason can be the abnormal development or poor quality of embryos. During the fertilization process, the embryo’s development is scrutinized and when it is detected that cells are not growing symmetrically or normally; are considered of low quality. Other reasons can also arise due to the failure in the pregnancy implantation step. A receptive endometrium is required in order to attach an embryo for implantation. However, in some cases it remains impossible to attach to the uterus lining to implant an embryo which is observed as a defect and named as unexplained infertility.


Other Causes of Infertility are as Followed 

  • Ovulation disorders
  • Tubal blockage
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Endometrial polyps and there can be some malefactors also which affects the functions of the sperms


The treatments that occur for any type of infertility are In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), third party reproduction, surgery or even education in some cases. Infertility is curable; and we want you to come out of the cycle of disappointment.  We can deal with every disease if we adapt to optimistic perception. The infertility diagnose can bring surprising results while others may find it shocking while educating or comforting each other as a partner through the assistance of counseling. We believe that choosing IVF or other treatments approach can resolve most of your problems and maintain a healthy lifestyle with your spouse. There are numerous ways through which we can educate and facilitate our patients by providing constant support and feedback. Many are the couples who experienced pregnancy after diagnosing unexplained infertility. Let your spouse know that you understand and care so, consult now.


Contributing by: Infertility

Publish By Admin on Fri 06 Mar 2020 at 10:05:07

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