Pregnancy complications can arise as a result of obesity and might cause some women to face infertility. The chances of miscarriage also rise along with the stillbirth rate and diabetes. Gestational diabetes is identified during pregnancy and it affects the glucose used by cells of the body. The pregnancy and a baby’s health are affected due to gestational diabetes. Another common pregnancy complication is preeclampsia; it causes high blood pressure and damages liver and kidney. The damage is done due to a deficiency of Vitamin D. The symptoms involve in the preeclampsia are weight gain, hypertension, and edema. Hypertension is a condition which causes blood pressure rise consistently in the arteries i.e. 130/80mm Hg. The rough estimation caused by this condition is between 6 to 8% among women age 21 to 43.
The first twenty weeks of pregnancy causes hypertension in some women according to doctors in Pakistan. Some women might have chronic hypertension prior to pregnancy which can be treated by using prescribed medications by the fertility doctors. Gestational hypertension is after the 20th week and can later develop in to preeclampsia. Women having chronic hypertension earlier can experience protein when passing the urine. However, the low blood pressure causes headache, vomiting, drowsiness, faintness and cold. It has been estimated that a woman blood cycle’s volume increases to 45% in the body when she’s pregnant and this is due to left ventricle being thicker and larger.
While some doctors suggest that losing weight can be harmful; a new study has confirmed that women can reduce weight during pregnancy. It is rather beneficial to make your baby healthy and without brining hypertension and diabetes. It will not definitely have a negative effect on the baby’s health and the mother will be active. It involves the obese women especially, as they can experience difficulty and series of medical conditions might arise later or during pregnancy. The pregnancy complications are premature birth and other defects in the baby. Nevertheless, it is important to ensure that the baby is receiving all the nutrients for its development. The BMI is calculated according to the height of the women, but the general estimation is BMI of 30 or above.
Some women might experience weight loss as morning sickness due to early pregnancy. The women might feel nausea, drowsiness and vomiting during the first three months of pregnancy. This period is essential for baby’s development. The weight loss can also occur due to daily exercise and your fertility specialists will prescribe you some medications to support your baby’s growth.
According to B. Arabin and J. H.Stupin in “Overweight and Obesity before, during and after Pregnancy”, the obese women are at a higher rate of developing malformation during first trimester. The women with higher BMI of 30 or above are at risk for neural tube defects in the babies compared to normal BMI women. Another study by Scott H. Purcell and Kelle H. Moley confirms that obesity can reduce the quality of eggs. The infertility centers have investigated that the obese women are more likely to experience health and reproductive diseases. Furthermore, the uterus becomes hostile towards the embryo which can result in miscarriage in the overweight women.
If you are in doubt that your obesity is causing pregnancy complications; we recommend you to consult an OB gynecologist and consider a diet plan. Most doctors prescribe the medications depending on the condition or either carries out a surgery such as IVF in case of infertility.